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JPG to BMP

Convert .JPG into .BMP Files - Fast, Free and Secure. We also have information of .JPG and .BMP Files extensions on this page.

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Information about JPG
File extension
jpg
File category
Raster Image
Stands for
Joint photographic experts group
Developer
The JPEG group
Overview
Files stored in this format are small in size that is why they can be uploaded and downloaded with ease. It takes less time over the internet to upload and download due to smaller size which results in saving of bandwidth. This extension is compressed using a lossy algorithm that is why there can be a reduction in the quality of the photograph. It has the ability to compress the file to one-tenth of its original size. It is widely used in emails and also when images are to be posted on websites. Digital Cameras and other photographic image capture devices widely use this JPG format. The paintings and photos of realistic scenes that have smooth variations of colour can be best illustrated by this format.
Technical description
A technique used in JPEG format to compress files is lossy compression which is based on DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform) as it is the most practical Mathematical operation. The DCT actually converts each frame of the video from the spatial domain to a frequency/transform domain. It discards the information of high frequency that has sharp transitions in intensity as well as in colour hue. Furthermore, this standard defines a codec which tells how an image can be encoded into a stream of bytes and decoded back into an image. The files can be compressed in the ratio of 100:1 but that would result in the poor quality of an image. Therefore, to retain the quality of a photo, a file should be compressed till 20:1 ratio not more than that.
Links
wikipedia.org
Information about BMP
File extension
bmp
File category
Image file (Raster)
Stands for
Bitmap image file
Developer
Microsoft
Overview
BMP format is used for Raster images. These images contain a grid of pixels and each pixel further depicts an individual colour within the image. In this, there can be varying levels of colour depths per pixel, as this criterion is entirely based on the file header which tells about the number of bits per pixel. The images stored is often uncompressed when they are 16 bpp and 32bpp. It is capable of storing only 2-dimensional images( both monochrome-single colour and colourful, with numerous colour depths). A user does not require a graphics adapter to view this file. It is not a popular format these days as it takes lots of time to upload, send and download, due to its large size.
Technical description
BMP file format comes up with the option of data compression, colour profiles and alpha channels. Alpha composting results in partial or fully transparent images which are done by incorporating or mixing one image with a background. Exchanging bitmaps between devices and applications is possible due to a unique representation of colour bitmaps of distinct colour depths, defined by Microsoft. That is why it is termed as a device-independent bitmap file format(DIBs). Additionally, it has both fixed-size and variable-sized structures. This format follows structures in the order given ahead- bitmap file header(stores general information), DIB header(Contains detailed information including pixel format), Extra bitmasks(Define pixel format), colour table( define colours used), Gap 1(Structure alignment), a Pixel array(Actual values of a pixel), Gap 2(Structure alignment)and ICC colour profile(Colour management).
Links
wikipedia.org
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